What is the Islamic view point on blood donation?
Islam is a religion of mercy and caters for all the problems faced by humanity. It acknowledges the needs of people, thus gives concessions and dispensations wherever needed. Hence, it can be said that blood transfusion is lawful as a necessity. “And if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind.” (Al Quran: Surah Al-Ma'dah: 32)
What are the Islamic Conditions of donating Blood?
1. The donor is mature and sane
2. The donor willingly donates his blood. If he is compelled to do so, it will not be permissible
3. There is no apparent risk to the life or health of the donor
4. There is no reasonable alternative
5. It is not for the sake of beatification or any other additional benefit
Is it permissible to donate blood to non-Muslims?
It is permissible to donate blood to non-Muslims as long as they are not fighters of Islam. A fighter of Islam would be defined as one who fights Muslims with weapons or finances such fighting with his wealth, or helps such fighting. If one is not able to know for sure, then it suffices to act according to ghalabat ul-zann (one's best estimate or what is most likely and probable).
Is it permissible to sell blood?
It is not permissible to sell blood, because of the report in Saheeh al-Bukhaari from the hadeeth of Abu Hudhayfah, who said: “I saw my father buy a cupper [a person who does cupping] and order that his tools be broken. I asked him about that and he said, ‘The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade the price of blood,” (Al-Bukhaari, 3/12, 43; Ahmad, 4/308, 309). Al-Haafiz said in al-Fath: what is meant by the prohibition of blood is the same as the prohibition of dead meat and pork. It is haraam according to scholarly consensus, i.e. selling blood and taking its price.
Does taking blood invalidate the fast?
It is not recommended to donate blood while fasting unless there is an absolute necessity to do so. Drawing lots of blood may make a person weak and thus he may be forced to break his fast. So indulging in such an activity is not at all recommended as we are advised to keep our fasts intact as best as possible. Moreover, there are scholars who are of the opinion that drawing lots of blood would invalidate one’s fast. This is the view of Imam Ahmad. However, Imam Ash-Shafi`i and others are of the view that drawing of blood by itself does not break the fast, but one is not encouraged to do so as it may render a person weak. The ruling, however, is different when faced with an emergency. Such is the case when one must donate blood to save a person’s life; in this case one must do so without any hesitation; it is better for him to break his fast if he has to than continuing his fast. Another exception: If a person is exceptionally strong and is certain that donating blood would not render him weak at all, then there is no harm for him in donating blood, according to the view of Imam Ash-Shafi`i and others. In conclusion: Each person should consider his own state of health before embarking on this action.
Who can give blood?
Most people can give blood. If you are generally in good health, age 17 to 65 and weigh at least 50kg (7st 12lb) you can donate. For a more detailed list of who can/can't give blood, please click here.
How often can I give blood?
Male donors can give blood every 12 weeks, while female donors can give every 16 weeks.
Does donating blood invalidate wudoo’?
This is an issue concerning which the scholars, may Allaah have mercy on them, differed. Those who think that bleeding breaks wudoo’ quote as evidence the hadeeth of Abu’l-Darda’ (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) vomited, then did wudoo’.” They drew an analogy between vomit and blood, because both are naajis (impure) when they come out of the body.
This hadeeth was narrated by Ahmad (4/449), Abu Dawood (2981) and al-Tirmidhi (87), who said: “More than one of the scholars among the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and others among the Taabi’een thought that wudoo’ should be done after vomiting or having a nosebleed. This is the opinion of Sufyaan al-Thawri, Ibn al-Mubaarak, Ahmad and Ishaaq. Some scholars said that wudoo’ is not necessary after vomiting or having a nosebleed. This is the opinion of Maalik and al-Shaafa’i.” This was also narrated as being the opinion of Ahmad. Al-Baghawi said: It is the opinion of most of the Sahaabah and Taabi’een.”
The most correct view is that bleeding does not break one’s wudoo’, although it is preferable (mustahabb) to make wudoo’ after bleeding. The evidence for this is as follows:
Wudoo’ is considered to be valid until there is proof that something breaks it. There is no proof narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that bleeding breaks wudoo’, hence Imaam al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “There is no proof whatsoever that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made it obligatory to do wudoo’ because of that (bleeding).” Shaykh Ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, the correct opinion is that bleeding and vomiting, etc., do not break wudoo’, whether they are large or small in volume, because there is no evidence to proof that they break wudoo’, and the guiding principle is that wudoo’ remains valid.
To sum up the above: It is mustahabb (preferable) for a blood donor to do wudoo’ after giving blood, but if he does not do wudoo’, it is still OK.
Young Planners is a small but growing youth organisation built on a team of passionate members who work hard to achieve change, diversity and positivity within the community. Our aim is to represent Muslims in London in promoting and encouraging integration, building on their skills and interests in order to become successful members of society - effectively paving the way for proactive, skilled and professional Muslims in Britain. We have successfully raised over £500,000 pounds over the last three years for various charities and we continue to work on meaningful and inspiring projects.
“We expect to see an increase in the demand for blood, over the next 10 years, as a result of an ageing population requiring more complex surgical procedures, such as joint replacements and cancer therapies. Attracting younger blood donors to secure the donor base for the future is key”
[NHS-press release 24th May 2013]
“The two main reasons I hear that people from the South Asian Communities don’t give blood are that they didn’t know we needed it and that their religions don’t allow it. I can categorically state that we need more blood and bone marrow donors from the South Asian Communities and that the three major faiths of the region, Islam, Sikhism and Hinduism, all see donation as a positive thing – should you have any concerns though I would ask that you seek clarification from the spiritual leaders in your community.”
[Theo Clarke, Lead Donor Relations Manager-For Young Planners]